Thursday, February 7, 2008

Black Death or Black Plague...Deadly Pandemic

The Black Death also known as Black Plague was the most deadly pandemic that shook the whole World in the 14th century. The causative agent for the plague is uncertain but experiments says it would be caused by a bacterium named Yersinia pestis. It began in Central Asia and spreaded along the silk route to Europe by the late 14th Century. The estimated deaths across the then known world is about 75 million people including 50 million deaths in Europe. 30% to 60% of the Europe Population died during the Black Death.

The impact of the Black Death had a severe effect on the Europe's population changing its social structure. The Black Death also resulted in the widespread killing of minorities such as Jews and foreigners. It also influenced the peple to live for the moment which also changed the culture of Europe.

The Black Death also resulted in the change of European architecture. The most important effect of the disease is depopulation which vary greatly by area. According to medieval historian Philip Daileader in 2007..

"The trend of recent research is pointing to a figure more like 45% to 50% of the European population dying during a four-year period. There is a fair amount of geographic variation. In Mediterranean Europe and Italy, the South of France and Spain, where plague ran for about four years consecutively, it was probably closer to 80% to 75% of the population. In Germany and England . . . it was probably closer to 20%."

The same disease returned to Europe in 1700s causing the death of several thousands.

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