Sunday, February 24, 2008

If you come today - kannada, South Indian funny english song

Just follow the lyrics will find it very funny

Kohinoor belongs to India

Historical evidence proves that the Kohinoor originated in the Golconda kingdom, in the Hyderabad state of Andhra Pradesh, the world's earliest diamond producing regions. This region was the first and only known source for diamonds until 1730 when diamonds were discovered in Brazil. It is likely that the diamond was mined in the Kollur mines in the present day Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. In 1320 A.D, Ulugh Khan, son of Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I, raided the Golconda kingdom three times and the diamond was the part of the bounty. After it went to Mughal's hands. The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan had the stone placed into his ornate Peacock Throne.

In 1739, Persian king nadir Shah invaded India and sacked Agra and Delhi. Along with the Peacock Throne, he also carried off the Kohinoor to Persia. The valuation of the Kohinoor is given in the legend that one of Nadir Shah's consorts supposedly said, "If a strong man should take five stones, and throw one north, one south, one east, and one west, and the last straight up into the air, and the space between filled with gold and gems, that would equal the value of the Kohinoor".

Nadir Shah was assassinated in 1747 and the stone fell into the hands of Ahmed Shah Abdali of Afghanistan. In 1830, Shah Shuja, the deposed ruler of Afghanistan, managed to flee with the Kohinoor diamond. He then came to Lahore where it was given to the Sikh Maharaja (King) of Punjab, Ranjit Singh; in return for this Maharaja Ranjit Singh was able to persuade the East India Company to lend their troops and win back the Afghan throne for Shah Shuja. Ranjit Singh crowned himself as the ruler of Punjab and willed the Kohinoor to Jagannath Temple in Orissa while on his deathbed in 1839. But there was dispute about this last-minute testament, and in any case it was not executed. According to the treaty of Lahore the diamond will be taken from the Shah Shuja-ul-Mulk by Maharajah Ranjit Singh and surrendered to Queen of England. Later the stone was to be used as the centerpiece of the crown of the Queens consort of the United Kingdom. Queen Alexandra was the first to use the stone, followed by Queen Mary. In 1936, the stone was set into the crown of the new Queen Elizabeth (later known as the Queen Mother), wife of King George VI. In 2002, the crown rested atop her coffin as she lay in state.

The Kohinoor diamond is valued then by Babur that the stone's value to be such as it will feed the whole world for two days. The diamond has a long and bloody history and it is claimed by many countries. In 1976, Pakistan prime minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto asked British prime minister Jim Callaghan for the Kohinoor to be returned to Pakistan. The prime minister replied to Mr. Bhutto with a polite "No". Other claims have been made by India, the Taliban regime of Afghanistan, and Iran. As of 2007, the gem remains in the Tower of London. In 2000, several Indian MPs demanded that the Kohinoor diamond should be returned to India by Britain. They also argue that the Kohinoor was misappropriated by the colonial rulers during the British Raj.

Saturday, February 23, 2008

How Shivaji used tiger claw?

The battle of Pratapgarh was fought between Chatrapati Shivaji and the Afzal Khan commander of Adil Shah. The guerrilla tactics of Shivaji was well known to Afzal Khan so he wanted a open battle at Pratapgarh. For that he destroyed temple of Goddes Bhavani at Tuljapur and the temple of Lord Vittal at Pandharpur in the motive to bring Shivaji out of the Jungle for a face to face battle. Shivaji then sent an emissary to Afzal Khan, telling him that he did not want to fight and was ready for peace. A meeting was arranged between Shivaji and Afzal Khan at a shamiyana (highly decorated tent) at the foothills of the fort Pratapgarh. It was agreed that the two would meet unarmed, but were to bring with them ten personal bodyguards each, who were to remain at a distance of one 'arrow-shot' away. Nevertheless, Afzal Khan, as was his reputation for cunning, hid a 'katyar' (a small but very sharp dagger) in his coat. Shivaji, knowing Khan's reputation, came prepared. Thus each man went to the meeting intending to slay the other. Amongst Shivaji's weapons was a small but effective weapon called Bagh_nakh which literally means 'the claws of the tiger'. It consisted of an iron finger-grip with four razor claws which could be concealed in the clenched fist. As the two men entered the tent fixed for meeting, the 6.5-feet-tall overconfident Khan, having little difficulty hiding his dagger, lounged forward pretending of giving an open-armed hug, grabbed the 6 feet Shivaji in his left arm, swiftly drew the hidden dagger and stabbed Shivaji in his back. But since Shivaji was wearing armour beneath his coat was saved. Shivaji opened his fist and disemboweled the Khan with one swift stroke of his "wagh nakhi". Stunned by this sudden turn of events Khan rushed outside shouting for help. Krishanaji Bhaskar Kulkarni, Khan's emissary tried to give battle, Shivaji warned him ;but when he went offensive, Shivaji killed him. Meanwhile Khan's bodyguard, Sayyad Banda, a renowned fighter (each had agreed for one guard be placed immediately outside the tent), pounced on Shivaji on hearing Khan's cries. Before he could strike, Shivaji's bodyguard, Jiva Mahala, who too rushed inside hearing the pandemonium, slashed him with his sabre. (The pithy Marathi phrase: 'Hota Jiva Mhanun Vachala Shiva’ - 'As there was Jiva, so lived Shiva' - owes its origin to this miraculous act). Afzal Khan managed to hold his gushing entrails and hurtled, faint and bleeding, outside the shamiyana and threw himself into his palanquin. The bearers hastily lifted their charge and began moving rapidly away down the slope when Sambhaji Kavji Kondhalkar, Shivaji's lieutenant and one of the distant guards, went in pursuit, and beheaded Afzal Khan. Shivaji sped up the slope towards the fortress and his lieutenants ordered cannons to be fired. It was a predetermined signal to his infantry, which had been strategically placed in the densely covered valley, to raid the Adilshahi forces. The severed head of Khan was sent to Rajgarh to be shown to Jijabai. She had long wanted vengeance for the deliberate maltreatment of Shahaji (Shivaji's father) in his captivity by Afzal Khan, and for getting her elder son, Sambhaji, killed through treachery.

Friday, February 22, 2008

Revival of Nalanda University

In 2006 a outline was documented in the efforts to spend $1 billion to revive Nalanda University near the ancient site. A consortium led by Singapore and including China, India, Japan and other nations will attempt to raise $500 million to build a new university and another $500 million to develop necessary infrastructure.

The revived university's enrollment will be 1,137 in its first year, and 4,530 by the fifth. In the 'second phase', enrolment will reach 5,812. Japan will fund the setting up an international university in Nalanda in Bihar. The planned university will be completely residential, like the ancient seat of learning at Nalanda. In the first phase of the project, seven schools with 46 foreign faculty members and over 400 Indian academics would come up. The university will impart courses in science, philosophy and spiritualism along with other subjects. A renowned international scholar will be its chancellor. Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has accepted the offer to join the revived Nalanda International University sometime in September 2007.

Sushruta..Father of surgery

Sushruta lived in sixth century BC was a famed surgeon of ancient India, and the author of the book Sushruta Samhita. In his book, he explained over 120 surgical instruments, 300 surgical strategies and classifies human surgery in eight categories. He lived , taught and practiced his art on the banks of the Ganga in the area that corresponds to the present day city of Varanasi in North India.

Due to his seminal and countless works to the science and art of surgery he is also called by the title "Father of Surgery." Much of what is known about this inventive surgeon is contained in a series of volumes he authored, which are entirely known as the Susrutha Samhita. The "Samhita" has some writings that date as late as the first century, and some scholars believe that there were contributions and additions to his teachings from generations of his disciples and students. Sushruta is also the father of Plastic Surgery and Cosmetic Surgery since his method of forehead flap rhinoplasty (repairing the disfigured nose with a flap of skin from the forehead),that he used to reconstruct noses that were amputated, is practiced almost unchanged in technique to this day. The Susrutha Samhita contains the first known description of several operations, including the uniting of bowel, the removal of the prostate gland, the removal of cataract lenses and the draining of abscesses. Susrutha was also the first surgeon to guide the practice of operations on inanimate objects such as watermelons, clay plots and reeds; thus predating the modern practice of the surgical workshop by half a millennium.

Thursday, February 21, 2008

Rajendra father like son

Rajendra Chola I,son of Rajaraja Chola I, succeeded his father in 1014 C.E. as the Chola emperor. In the course of his tenure, he expanded the territories of the already vast Chola empire up to the banks of the river Ganges in the north and across the ocean. Rajendra territories extended coastal Burma, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Maldives, conquered the kings of Srivijaya (Sumatra, Java and Malaya in South East Asia) and Pegu islands with his fleet of ships. He defeated Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Tamil Chola armies exacted payment from Thailand and the Khmer kingdom of Cambodia. Rajendra was the first Indian king to take his armies overseas. He also built a temple for Siva at Gangaikonda Cholapuram, similar in design to the Tanjore Brihadisvara temple built by Rajaraja Chola. He recieved titles Parakesari and Yuddhamalla.

Rajaraja Chola the great!!

Rajaraja Chola I rated by many as the greatest king of the Chola kingdom, who governed between 985 and 1014 CE. He established the foundation for the growth of the Chola kingdom into an empire, by conquering the kingdoms of southern India and the Chola Empire extended as far as Sri Lanka in the south, and Kalinga (Orissa) in the northeast. He fought many battles with the Chalukyas in the north and the Pandyas in the south. By conquering Vengi, Rajaraja laid the foundations for the Chalukya Chola dynasty. He invaded Sri Lanka and began a century-long Chola occupation of the island.

He leveled the administrative mechanisms with the segregation of the empire into various districts and by standardising revenue collection through systematic land surveys. He built the extraordinary Brihadisvara Temple in Thanjavur and through it enabled wealth distribution amongst his subjects. His successes enabled the splendid achievements of his son Rajendra Chola I under whom the empire attained the greatest extent and carried its conquest beyond the seas.

Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Alexander's wishes before death

It is believed that Alexander gave detailed written directives to Craterus some time preceding his death. However Craterus had already started to apply Alexander's plans, such as the building of a fleet in Cilicia for campaign against Carthage, Alexander's successors chose not to further implement them, on the grounds that they were impractical and expensive. The testament, described in Diodorus XVIII, called for military expansion into the Southern and Western Mediterranean, monumental establishments, and the intermixing of Eastern and Western populations. Its most remarkable items were:

  • The construction of a pyre to Hephaestion
  • The building of "a thousand warships, greater than triremes, in Phoenicia, Syria, Cilicia, and Cyprus for the expedition against the Carthaginians and the other who live along the coast of Libya and Iberia and the adjoining coastal regions as far as Sicily.
  • The construction of a road in northern Africa as far as the Pillars of Heracles, with ports and shipyards along it.
  • The construction of huge temples in Delos, Delphi, Dodona, Dium, Amphipolis, Cyrnus and Ilium.
  • The elevation of a monumental tomb for his father Philip, "to match the greatest of the pyramids of Egypt.
  • The organization of cities and the "transplant of populations from Asia to Europe and in the reverse direction from Europe to Asia, in order to bring the largest continent to common unity and to brotherhood by means of intermarriage and family ties.

Greek fire...still a mystery!!!

Greek fire was a burning fluid weapon employed by the Byzantine Greeks, Arabs, Chinese, and Mongols. The Byzantines undeniably employed it in naval battles to great result as it could continue burning even on water. It was greatly pivotal for many Byzantine military conquests, and fractionally the reason for the Byzantine Empire surviving as long as it did. The formula was a secret and remains a mystery to this day. As one contemporary victim of Greek fire advised his comrades, "Every time they hurl the fire at us, we go down on our elbows and knees, and beseech Our Lord to save us from this danger."

In its earliest practices it was used onto enemy forces by launching a burning cloth covered ball, possibly holding a flask, using a form of light catapult, most likely a sea borne variant of the Roman light catapult or onager. These were capable of hurling light loads (around 6 kilograms) to 9 kilograms a distance of 350 meters to 450 meters. Later technological gains in machining technology enabled the devising of a pump mechanism emitting a stream of burning fluid (flame thrower) at close ranges, destroying wooden ships in naval warfare and also very effective on land as a counter-force confrontation weapon used on besieging forces. There are many accounts of the Byzantine Empire driving off attacks on the walls using this injuriously frightful secret formula.

Tuesday, February 19, 2008

U.S invasion of Panama

On 20 December 1989, twenty seven thousand U.S. personnel attacked Panama in order to eliminate Manuel Noriega. A few hours preceding the invasion, in a celebration that took place inside a U.S. military base in the former Panama Canal Zone, Guillermo Endara was sworn in as the new President of Panama. The invasion occurred ten years before the Panama Canal administration was to be turned over to Panamanian authorities, according to the timetable set up by the Torrijos Carter Treaties. After the invasion, Noriega sought asylum in the Vatican diplomatic mission represented by Monsignor Jose S. Laboa. To induce Noriega's surrender, US forces played loud music outside the embassy which reportedly included the song "Panama", by the 1980s rock group, Van Halen. After a few days, the embassy staff talked loudly for his benefit about the possibility that the mob surrounding them might break through and lynch Noriega. He surrendered to the American military shortly after, and was taken to Florida to be formally extradited and charged by U.S. federal authorities on drug and racketeering charges. He became eligible for parole on September 9, 2007, but remained in custody while his lawyers fought an extradition request from France. Critics have pointed out that many of Noriega's former allies remain in power in Panama.

According to the Torrijos Carter Treaties, the United States gave back all canal-related lands to Panama on 31 December 1999, but keeps the right to military intervention in the interest of its national security. Panama also gained control of canal-related buildings and infrastructure as well as full administration of the canal.

The people of Panama have already agreed to the expansion of the canal which, after construction, will allow for post-Panamax ships to travel through it, boosting the number of ships that currently use the canal.

300 soldiers defeated a mighty Persian army at the Battle of Thermopylae

In the Battle of Thermopylae, which took place in 480 BC, an coalition of Greek city states confronted the raiding Persian Empire at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back the Persians for three days in one of history's most legendary last stands. A small force led by King Leonidas of Sparta jammed the only road through which the massive army of Xerxes I of Persia could pass. After three days of battle, a local resident named Ephialtes is believed to have betrayed the Greeks by revealing a mountain path that led behind the Greek lines. Dismissing the rest of the army, King Leonidas stayed behind with 300 Spartans, 700 Thespian volunteers, 400 Thebans that had been pressed into service and 900 Helots.

The Persians achieved in capturing the pass but sustained heavy losses, drastically different to those of the Greeks. The fierce resistance of the Spartan-led army offered Athens the invaluable time to prepare for a decisive naval battle that would come to determine the outcome of the war. The subsequent Greek victory at the Battle of Salamis left much of the Persian Empire's navy destroyed and Xerxes retreated to Asia, leaving a force in Greece under Mardonius, who was to meet the Greeks in battle one last time. The Spartans assembled at full strength and led a pan-Greek army that defeated the Persians decisively at the Battle of Plataea, ending the Greco Persian War and with it the expansion of the Persian Empire into Europe.

The effort of the defenders at the battle of Thermopylae is frequently used as an example of the benefits of training, equipment, and good utilization of terrain as force multipliers, and has become a icon of courage against overwhelming odds. 300, a 2007 film is a fictionalized retelling of the Battle of Thermopylae.

Monday, February 18, 2008

The battle that stopped Alexander the Great!!!

Following the Battle of Hydaspes, Alexander was highly surprised by Porus for his bravery in battle, and therefore made an alliance with him and appointed him as satrap of his own kingdom, even adding some land he did not own before. Alexander then named one of the two new cities that he founded, Bucephala, in remembrance of the horse who had brought him to India, who had died during the Battle of Hydaspes. Alexander continued on to capture all the headwaters of the Indus River.

East of Porus' empire, near the Ganges River, was the formidable kingdom of Magadha reigned by the Nanda dynasty. Fearing the prospects of facing another powerful Indian army and exhausted by years of campaigning, his army mutinied at the Beas River refusing to march further east. This river thus marks the easternmost extent of Alexander's conquests.

A rock inscriptions excavated near Greece read:

"As for the Macedonians, however, their fight with Porus diminished their courage and stopped their further advance into India. For having had all they could do to repulse an enemy who mustered only twenty thousand infantry and two thousand horse, they violently opposed Alexander when he insisted on crossing the river Ganges also, the width of which, as they learned, was thirty-two furlongs, its depth a hundred fathoms, while its banks on the further side were covered with multitudes of men-at-arms and horsemen and elephants. For they were told that the kings of the Ganderites and Praesii were awaiting them with eighty thousand horsemen, two hundred thousand footmen, eight thousand chariots, and six thousand fighting elephants."

Alexander, after the meeting with his general Coenus, decided that it was favorable to return. Alexander was forced to turn south. Along the way his army ran into the Malli clans in modern day Multan. The Malli were the most warlike clans in South Asia during that period. Alexander's army challenged the Malli, and the ensuing battle led them to the Malli citadel. During the assault, Alexander himself was wounded seriously by a Mallian arrow. His forces, believing their king dead, took the citadel and unleashed their fury on the Malli who had taken refuge within it,perpetrating a massacre,sparing neither man,woman nor child. Following this, the surviving Malli surrendered to Alexander's forces, and his beleaguered army moved on.He sent much of his army to modern southern Iran with his general Craterus, and commissioned a fleet to explore the Persian Gulf shore under his admiral Nearchus, while he led the rest of his forces back to Persia by the southern route through the Gedrosian Desert.

Alexander left forces in India although. In the territory of the Indus, he appointed his officer Peithon as a satrap, a rank he would possess for the following ten years until 316 BC, and in the Punjab he left Eudemus in charge of the force, at the side of the satrap Porus and Taxiles. Eudemus became king of a part of the Punjab after their death. Both rulers returned to the West in 316 BC with their armies. In 321 BC, Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire in India and defeated the Greek satraps.

Lothal....the world's earliest dock

Lothal was one of the most important cities of the historical Indus valley civilization. Situated in the modern state of Gujarat and dating from 2400 BC, it is one of India's most notable archaeological site that dates from that period. uncovered in 1954, Lothal was excavated from February 13, 1955 to May 19, 1960 by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Lothal's dock, the world's earliest, joined the city to an historic path of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the encompassing Kutch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable decorates reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. Lothal's people were responsible for the earliest-known portrayals of realism in art and sculpture, telling some of the most well-known fables of today. Its scientists used a shell compass and divided the horizon and sky into 8 to 12 whole parts, possibly introducing the study of stars and advanced navigation,2000 years before the Greeks. The techniques and tools they introduced for bead-making and in metallurgy have stood the test of time for over 4000 years.

Lothal is located near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka taluka of Ahmedabad district. It is joined by all-weather roads to the cities of Ahmedabad (53 mi), Bhavnagar, Rajkot and Dholka. Nearest cities are Dholka and Bagodara. Reopening excavation in 1961, archaeologists unearthed trenches sunk on the northern, eastern and western flanks of the mound, bringing to light the inlet channels and nullah ("ravine", or "gully") connecting the dock with the river. The findings consist of a mound, a township, a marketplace and the dock. Adjacent to the excavated areas stands the Archaeological Museum, where some of the most important collections of Indus-era antiquities in modern India are displayed.

Sunday, February 17, 2008

First iron rockets were developed in India

The early iron rockets were devised by Tipu Sultan, a Muslim king of the South Indian Kingdom of Mysore. He triumphantly used these iron rockets against the larger forces of the British East India Company during the Anglo-Mysore Wars. The Mysore rockets of this period was much more improved than what the British had seen, chiefly because of the use of iron tubes for holding the propellant; this enabled higher thrust and longer range for the missile (up to two km range). After Tipu's eventual defeat in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War and the capture of the Mysore iron rockets, they were influential in British rocket construction and were soon put into use in the Napoleonic Wars.

Nine unknown men...oldest secret societies in the world

Beyond ordinary understanding, the Nine Unknown Men are a two millennia-old secret crew founded by the Indian Emperor Asoka c. 270 BCE. According to the legend, on his conversion to Buddhism following a massacre during one of his wars, the Emperor created the crew of the Nine to preserve and develop knowledge that would be dangerous to mankind if it fell into the wrong hands. Some interpretations of the story includes an additional motivation for the Emperor to conceal scientific knowledge: remnants of the Rama Empire, a Indian version of Atlantis, which according to Hindu scripture was destroyed by advanced weaponry 15,000 years ago.

Many writers first wrote about the Nine, most considerably (and apparently first) Louis Jacolliot, Talbot Mundy, and later Louis Pauwels and Jacques Bergier in their Morning of the Magicians, engendered the story of the Nine claiming that the society indirectly revealed itself to wise outsiders such as Pope Sylvester II who was said to have received, among other things, training in supernatural powers and a robotic talking head from the group. In more recent times, according to this circle, the Nine helped mankind by disclosing the secret of the Cholera vaccine.

Among conspiracy theorists the Nine Unknown is frequently cited as one of the oldest and dominant masterful secret crews in the world. Unusually for conspiracy theorists, the image of the group is largely though not entirely benign. Theosophists also believe the Nine to be a real organization that is working for the good of the world.

Several modern Indian scientists such as Jagdish Chandra Bose were said to trust in or even to be members of the Nine however data on this issue is predictably scant. Believers in the Nine also point to the mysterious Iron pillar of Delhi, which is said to have been constructed at a time before the technology to create it existed in common circulation. However, this is disputed by other scholars and researchers.

Each of the Nine is supposedly responsible for protecting and advancing a single book. Each of these books deal with a different branch of possibly dangerous knowledge. Traditionally, the books are said to cover the following subjects:

  • Propaganda and Psychological warfare.
  • Physiology, including instructions on how to perform the "touch of death". One account has the Judo being a product of material leaked from this book.
  • Microbiology, and, according to more recent speculation, Biotechnology. In some versions of the myth, the waters of the Ganges are purified with special microbes designed by the Nine and released into the river at a secret base in the Himalayas.
  • Alchemy, including the transmutation of metals. In India, there is a persistent rumor that during times of drought or other natural disasters temples and religious organizations receive large quantities of gold from an unknown source. The mystery is further deepened with the fact that the sheer quantity of gold throughout the country in temples and with kings cannot be properly accounted for, seeing that India has few gold mines.

  • Communication, including communication with extraterrestrials.
  • Gravitation. Book 6 The Vaiminaka sastra is said[Please name specific person or group] to contain the instructions necessary to build a Vimana, sometimes referred to as the "ancient UFOs of India."
  • Cosmology, the capacity to travel at enormous speeds through spacetime fabric, and time-travel; including intra- and inter-universal trips.
  • Light, the capacity to increase and decrease the speed of light, to use it as a weapon by concentrating it in a certain direction etc.
  • Sociology, including rules concerning the evolution of societies and how to predict their downfall.

Russia questions US...Is this a beginning of another cold war?

Only a week after the US declared that it would utilize a missile to shoot down an out of control spy satellite moving towards earth, Russia has blamed the US of using a plan to shoot down a detached spy satellite as a cover for testing an anti-satellite weapon.

A report by the Russian Defence ministry said: "predictions about the hazard of the satellite hide preparations for the classical testing of an anti-satellite weapon. Such testing means the birth of a new type of tactical weapons. The US plans to test its anti-missile defence system's technique to destroy other countries' satellites".

The Russian defence ministry protested that many countries' spacecraft had crashed to Earth in the past, and many countries utilized toxic fuel in spacecraft, but this had never before deserved such "extraordinary measures."

The US says that the satellite lost power and communications briefly after it was launched in December 2006 and is presently uncontrollable.

The war that changed Ashoka's life..

The battle commenced in the 8th year of Ashoka's rule, possibly in 261 BC. Ashoka's father Bindusara had previously attempted to conquer Kalinga, but had been repelled. After a bloody battle for the throne after Bindusara's death, Ashoka tried to annex Kalinga. He was successful only after a savage war, whose outcomes changed Ashoka's views on war and led him to admit never to wage a war. It is said that in the aftermath of the Battle of Kalinga the Daya River running next to the battle field turned red with the blood of the slain; about 100,000 Kalinga civilians and more than 10,000 of Ashoka's own warriors were among those slain.

Dhauli hill is supposed to be the area where the Kalinga War was battled. The historically important Dhauli hills are situated on the banks of the Daya River, 8 km south of Bhubaneswar in Orissa (India). Dhauli hill, with a vast open space besides it, has major Edicts of Asoka engraved on a mass of rock by the side of the road leading to the summit of the hill.

One of the excerpts of the edicts is:

"Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Priyadarsi, conquered the Kalingas eight years after his coronation. One hundred and fifty thousand were deported, one hundred thousand were killed and many more died (from other causes). After the Kalingas had been conquered, Beloved-of-the-Gods came to feel a strong inclination towards the Dhamma, a love for the Dhamma and for instruction in Dhamma. Now Beloved-of-the-Gods feels deep remorse for having conquered the Kalingas." --Rock Edict No.13

Iron Pillar of India..The Rustless Wonder

The iron pillar in Delhi, India is one of the world's leading metallurgical curiosities, standing in the famous Qutb complex. The pillar (almost seven meters tall and weighing more than six ton) was erected by Chandragupta II Vikramaditya (375-413). It is the only leftover piece of a Hindu temple which stood there before being demolished by Qutb-ud-din Aybak to construct the Qutub Minar and Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque. Qutub built around it when he constructed the mosque.

The iron pillar is made up of ninety eight percent wrought iron of pure quality, and is a testament to the high level of craft achieved by ancient Indian iron smiths in the extraction and processing of iron. It has dragged the concentration of archaeologists and metallurgists as it has withstood corrosion for the last 1600 years, despite harsh weather.

American Gangster...My Man!!!

From the reviews written by some people I had got the feeling that American Gangster one of the top films to have come out of Hollywood , having said that only very few actors with great names like Crowe and Washington can carry off something as big as this without the egos clashing. For me American Gangster was truly worth all the hype , Ridley Scott set out to tell us a story , not only amuse us and he carried so well that it was so easy to get sucked into it. Denzel Washington played a rather different type of gangster , unlike a drug kingpin like Tony Montana or Nino Brown , George Lucas comes across as a charming caring, figure who at the end of the day was probably conducting business unaware of the ramifications of what he would end up turning Harlem into however Denzel Washington plays this character with such grace that one actually expects his presence on screen with his knowledge and Savoy. Russell Crowe as well plays a very flawed character with great ease and really sticks to his guns and during the course of this movie one can say that both men are fighting for what they believe in . Aside from Washington and Crowe everyone else acted the part well , it was as if everyone really did enjoy their screen time which actually made it probably more realistic and not to mention the colours,lights, and camera angels used by Scott make this a true beauty to watch. My only problem was that it was over 2 hours long and I did get a neck ache afterwards but however in the whole there was never a scene that dragged on. My conclusion is that American Gangster is homage to the blaxipoltain flicks of the 70's as well as telling us a story which has not been stereotyped into a certain genre. definitely this movie must be on your '100 movies to watch before I die' list.

Saturday, February 16, 2008

Syriana......No blood for oil

A critical but relatively dry delivering about America's middle-eastern crude affairs tightly scripted and well acted but frequently in danger of becoming a fictionalized version of the corporation just without any added theatric flourish. Its strength is also arguably its flaw, namely the careful pacing which builds each story thread convincingly, layering the cake as it were until finally, about an hour in, the bonds begin to become more obvious. In other words this is a polemic (thriller doesn't really seem to be the right word) that rewards careful attention but as it's a slow-burner, and I'm not kidding, don't even think about taking a urination break or you'll be finished, you must be patient with it. Anyone hoping the wordy exchanges or behind the scenes intrigue will be broken up with special effects, explosions or slow-mo gunfights will be disappointed. Guigan, who wrote Traffic evidently, is a better screenwriter than director which isn't to say that he doesn't coax good performances from the large cast he does, and very good they all are, it's simply that its so low-key for most of the running time that, the scene in which Clooney has his nails pulled aside, it never comes alive and it's for this reason that the good never registers as great. Good movie, important movie, indeed relevant movie terrific movie? No. You're unlikely to return to it but then you've got the theme so why would you need to?

Eastern Promises....Beautiful and Haunting

This movie is creative, intricate and surprisingly interesting on so many levels. The acting, all around, is sometimes so meagerly subtle, particularly in characters like Nikolai (Mortenson), that you almost forget that they're actors and not Russian or British or whatever. Like classic Cronnenberg, the cinematography is very direct, full of long complicated takes, and pays special concentration to expression through the body and face and eyes. It was, surprisingly, not as violent as i thought it would be, though the blood, when it did appear, flowed and flowed. Suspense grabs, holds tight and never lets you go in this almost entirely noirish thriller that teeters on the conflict between self indulgent gain, and what is real, what is given, and what is ultimately understood by all even at man's most deepened core. The story requires attention to details and a steady ear to language, both verbal, and, as stated earlier, physical. The action, when it does occur, which at times is from nowhere, either comes and goes without the stylistic, but brutal reality of what would probably occur if what was happening on the screen was actually going on. Like his recent work of art, A History of violence, the flow of the red ruby happens in bloody, dirty, nasty, unorganized, realistic fashion that may, for a split second, take your breath away to marvel upon what just happened before you. Mind games aplenty and overall good film-making give this film notoriety well-deserved for many years to come.

United States to shoot down the defunct spy satellite

It does not take place only in the movies! The US Navy has been ordered to shoot down an out of control spy satellite jolting towards earth. It none other than US President George Bush who is playing hero to dissuade milllions of human casualties. But the biggest doubt though is how potential is his mission?

It is a plot direct out of a Hollywood blockbuster, a descending spy satellite steering straight for Planet Earth, putting millions of lives at risk. However, it is George Bush who's playing the hero. After days of a should-we-shouldn't-we debate, the US President has finally ordered his Navy will shoot down the satellite, quite similair to the Bruce Willis starrer Armageddon.

Three altered SM-3 missiles have already been delivered on board Aegis ships somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. The ships would fire a missile, meeting the satellite just above the atmosphere. That way, they have more control over the falling remnant. Once the satellite is hit, officials hope 50 percent of the debris will come to Earth in the first two orbits and the rest will fall later.

The window for firing down the year-old satellite unlocks in the next 2 or 3 days and remains open for as many as seven or eight days. But it is not going to be an easy task. The 9 ton satellite is about the size of a bus, while it has no nuclear fuel, it is loaded with TOXIC beryllium and hydrazine.

Bush's concept may sound good enough but space and security authorities are outraged. Is he using this as an excuse to test and display his country's space weapons? It could afterall trigger an arms race in space, prompting Russia, India and China to respond. However, the Pentagon is adamant. They think that it is the only way human casualties can be prevented. They have little choice after all. They are already facing brickbats for their top secret space mission gone horribly wrong. But hopefully, this Armageddon-like mission may help save face.

Friday, February 15, 2008

Munnabahi Meets Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi!!

The second innings of Munna Bhai and Ciruit in 'Lage Raho Munna Bhai' is one breaker of an innings! It's good than the first one, draws more laughs and punches and the characters have a more humane personality that explores the other side of 'bhaigiri'. The plot is truly the winning card of the movie, not to discount the effective casting, dialogues that are a mix of funny and introspective, a rib-tickling screenplay, enjoyable situational songs and a first rate direction. Sanjay Dutt as Munna Bhai and Arshad Warsi as Circuit wear their characters as their second skins, more comfortably, more snuggly and are more lovable than their avatars in the earlier Munna Bhai MBBS. Ditto for Boman Irani who dons the role of Lucky Singh, a sardarji builder; a meanie with a heart. Vidya Balan also puts her best foot forward as a radio jockey who makes Dutt's heart goes hmmm... Dia Mirza and Jimmy Shergill justify their cameo appearances. A surprise element during the climax is a thoughtful addition and cheers the audience, specially the female audience threefold. Though the film is not a sequel to Munna Bhai MBBS, Lage Raho Munna Bhai retains the characters of Munna and Circuit in the lead roles and their nontoxic, almost childlike idiosyncrasies. This idea also gives an unlimited scope for possibilities the hit pair of Munna and Circuit can indulge into in future. Lage Raho Munna Bhai is a story about Murli Prasad Sharma aka Munna who meets Mahatma Gandhi and undergoes a heart transformation. For Munna, breaking bones and abducting people at the snap of his fingers was easier than the courage it required to walk on the path of non-violence and truth. Hesitatingly and unwittingly he takes the road less traveled, which is thorny and full of obstacles in return for self revelation and a guilt-free conscience that fears nothing and no-one. The 'Gandhivad' is turned into 'Gandhigiri' by self proclaimed Professor Murli Prasad Sharma for its practical implementation in the present day, without sounding preachy or heavy-duty. There is a similar 'offering the other cheek' when someone slaps you, confessions of truth and also the 'satyagrah' for a bunch of old people who lose their house called 'Second Innings' to the manipulative and greedy Lucky Singh. Sad but true that our nation won freedom but lost its people, Murli tries to revive faith, courage, truth and justice in people from different walks of life. With his new found doctrine or the chemical 'locha' in his brain, he triumphs over the cynics or the lost souls and also wins the love of his life. An interesting observation can be made between Rakeysh Om Prakash Mehra's 'Rang De Basanti' and Rajkumar Hirani's 'Lage Raho Munna Bhai', the fact that though the theme of both films is more or less the same, the approach to resolving the conflict is in complete contrast with each other, like two ends of the same thread. Yet both films succeed in their own unique ways and deliberate the depths of human emotions and reflections in an identical manner. In the end, hats off to Vidhu Vinod Chopra for creating a film that is a wholesome entertainer and succeeds in giving a heartfelt message in the times where films are made merely to fulfill the whims and fancies of egoistic filmmakers.

It was admired by the Prime Minister of India, Manmohan Singh, who stated that the film "captures Bapu's message about the force of truth and humanism." The film was collectively well received by critics and at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival ,was declared a "blockbuster", and was the recipient of a number of awards. It is the first Hindi film to be shown in the United Nations.

A few good men...Intense, meaningful

Countless influential dramas have been made all along the history of motion pictures. This is one of few to assemble intense definitive drama with a funny script, full of clever dialog. The assembly of nothing but esteemed skilled actors guarantees splendid performances throughout the movie. This would have been an almost perfect film if it wasn't for one little consistency issue regarding Colonel Jessep. Until the very end of the film, the script portrays the circumstances from Jessep's point of view with gruesome precision, but after his confession he becomes a man with no apparent sense of causal relations. The fact that the man who formerly went to such extremes as to make entire flights fade to cover his secret, doesn't understand the effects of him confessing that secret, in the court of law, makes me confused. Of course you could argue that the colonel lives by the rules and notions of the Marine Corps and doesn't fully comprehend the world outside. I still don't accept it entirely though, but that doesn't matter much overall. This is an excellent film. Watch it, watch it again and then re-watch it. You won't be disappointed.

Thursday, February 14, 2008

Great fire of London

The Great Fire of London was a very intense and uncontrolled fire that spread through the core parts of London from September 2 to September 1666. The fire completely destroyed the medieval city of London inside the old Roman City Wall. However it did not reach the aristocratic Westminster district and the Palace of Whitehall. The fire destroyed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St.Paul Cathedral, and offices of the City authorities. There is no official recordings of the death toll, and it is thought to have been small. The heat of the fire may have cremated many people, leaving no recognizable remains.

The fire started at the Farriner bakery in Pudding Lane in midnight on 2 September. Those times, the major firefighting technique was the creation of firebreaks by means of demolition. The creation of firebreaks was delayed due to the indecisiveness of Sir Thomas Bloodworth, Lord Mayor of London. By the time the firefighting was ordered, the fire started spreading like a firestorm and defeated any measures of firebreaks. The fire then spread in to the heart of the City. The Londoners in the City started to target the Dutch and French, as rumors arose of suspicious foreigners setting fires because of the ongoing Second Anglo-Dutch War. These foreigners became victims of lynchings and street violence. Fire eventually destroyed the St.Pauls Cathedral. The fire fighting efforts greatly mobilized the fire. But the fire went down because the strong east winds died down.

The people in London were evacuated and the King Charles II ordered the settlement elsewhere. The reconstruction of London began with the same street plan it had.

Wednesday, February 13, 2008 artificial city..

Chandigarh, nick named beautiful city, is a perfect example of city planning and urban development. It is located at the foot of Sivalks mountains of the Himalayas. Being a Union territory, it serves as capital for two states in India, Punjab and Haryana. A smoke free city, where the anti-tobacco ban is carried out. The city is built according to the modernist city planning principles of CIAM. Le Corbusier gave a plan to build Chandigarh in terms of division of urban functions.

The city plan is confined to grid pattern, that is, the city is divided into many rectangular patterns each having an equal area, 800x1200. The sectors are self sufficient, each with its own market, places of worship, schools and colleges - all within 10 minutes walking distance from within the sector. Assembly, the secretariat and the high court are all built in Sector 1 completely designed and planned by Le Corbusier. There are two satellite cities in Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohali, collectively known as Chandigarh Tricity. Mohali has a famous cricket stadium, P.C.A (Punjab Cricket Association) Cricket Stadium.

Monday, February 11, 2008

An incident known as a battle

The battle of bean field is not actually a war but an incident which took place on June 1, 1985. Wiltshire Police brutally attacked and prevented several hundred new age travelers (Peace Convoy) from entering the Stonehenge. There was a legal exclusion zone set up four miles around Stonehenge. The new age travelers hoped to breach this Police blockade and wanted to spend the night in the sight of the Stonehenge. The Police stopped them by filling the roads near the check post by many loads of gravel. The Police then attacked the vehicles, who stopped due to the blockade. Police then smashed the windscreen and arrested all the occupants. The remaining occupants then fled to the nearby grass field.

The convoy found themselves trapped in the fields, and no where to escape. They even negotiated with the police. Chief Constable then ordered the arrest of those people who tried to breach the zone (i.e), new age travelers. This brutal attack by the police was compared to the miners' strike. Official numbers said eight police officers and sixteen travelers were taken to hospital with minimal bruises. One traveler suffered from a fractured skull. The travelers were tried at a special court and were jailed. The photo took the photographers were all obstructed. After six years the travelers won their case against the Wiltshire Police, and got their damage relief.

Sunday, February 10, 2008

Addicted to Donut???!!!??

Is it the hey,hi, how you doing?,
Or the dude,nm,howz it going?,
Perhaps the emoticons tat bring out your feelings?,
Hey,maybe its ORKUT with which we ‘re dealing !

From google s shoes I’ d quote,
With an outdated social coat?
Or the cliché single, ready to mingle? ;-)

Then do join our party jingles,
With an a la carte of scraps,
And refreshing testimonials,
To compliment a platter of communities,
Topped with creamy fan fraternities.

Ah,I ‘d be damned if I forget to mention,
The “yello wanna make fraanship” situation ,
Inevitably followed by your smile is a sensation.
And a torrent of sensless punctuations.

Before your patience ebbs astray,a word of caution,
Is it best to simply keep away?,
Nay, why miss the fun tat comes your way?,
Like Albus Dumbledore says,
“Use It Well”,at bay!

Saturday, February 9, 2008

"I have a dream"... by Martin Luther King

"I have a dream" is the name of famous public speech made by Martin Luther King on August 28, 1963. He made this speech by standing on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial to over two hundred thousand supporters outside the Memorial. Its about King's desire to have a community where Blacks and Whites are treated equally. This speech is of high importance in the American Civil Rights movement. It is also considered one of the most popular speech in the 20th century.

Some of the important excerpts of the speech are as follows:
  • "I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will they be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood."
  • "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."
  • "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.'"
  • "This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day."
  • "Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children."

This speech pressurized the Kennedy's Government to pass the Civil rights Legislation act. Due to this speech King was awarded Time Magazine's Man of the Year in 1963 and he was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He's still the youngest person to be awarded Nobel Peace Prize.

Idi Amin Dada....dark side of mankind

Many of us will be familiar with Hitler and Mussolini but only a few know about Idi Amin. This is not just a comparison, Amin himself have supported the acts of Hitler and Mussolini. He is indeed a dark side of humanity.

Idi Amin Dada a.k.a Idi Amin was a military leader, served as Dictator of Uganda. He offered to become the leader of Scotland in order to free themselves from Britain. He forced the White peoples in Uganda to carry him on a throne and made them kneel before him as photographers captured the picture for the world to see.

Idi Amin introduced a set of policies, named "Economic War". The policy stated that the properties owned by non Ugandans will be stripped off them. This brought the world's anger towards him and even many countries imposed sanctions on his regime. Amin's regime was racist, erratic, ridiculous, brutal and militaristic. Amin was known to cut off the beasts of women and eat them with ketchups. Soon his followers copied this act of cannibalism. Many political leaders considered him as a comical, unusual figure.

Friday, February 8, 2008

The history of Indian Rupee (INR)

INR(Indian national Rupee) is the official currency of India. The meaning of Rupee is "Silver", the name is due to the fact that it was first introduced as a silver coin. This had a severe impact on the Indian Economy because the largest economy in the world were using gold coins. The discovery of many silver mines in the U.S decreased the value of Rupee. This situation is called as the "fall of Rupee".

From 1951 to 1973, Indian Rupee was linked to Pound Sterling. Indian Rupee also maintained the link even when the Pound Sterling floated. These days Rupee comes in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000. Large denominations of rupees are counted in lakhs (100,000) crores (10,000,000).

Thursday, February 7, 2008

Two G 's of 20th Century...

This is about Che Guevara and Mahatma Gandhi, the two outstanding men of the twentieth century. Though they differed in their methods, they both had a same objective. Still Gandhi needed a personal experience that made him to see the sufferings of the fellow countrymen from the colonial rule. But Guevara got inspired by seeing the plight of the poor and ignored ones, the world around changed him.

Gandhi took non-violence as his principle and Guevara, Guerrilla warfare. We cant say that the non-violence principle saved many Indian lives. Many were killed, prosecuted and murdered for their protest against colonial rule. Gandhi established democracy in India, but Guevara established Communism to the countries he fought for. He stood about his ideas and led a peaceful revolution, bringing a united India. He was not just a political leader and freedom fighter, he was a visionary. he also led the independence movement in South Africa with the same principle.

Guevara on the other hand used Guerrilla warfare. He spread communism, and called himself Marxist. he used some extreme methods to establish communism over the imperial states. He wasted many lives in this process, many criticize him for his policies. But the most important thing is the reason he got into this struggle. The reason we ignore during our day to day life, the care to humanity. Being a doctor and from a well off family he would have chosen a smooth path but he did the other way. We should always admire the cause which made him to get into the struggle.

Both had criticisms, no man is perfect. The point is, these two revolutionaries stood for their cause and laid their lives for it.

Sam Anderson is the next Superstar.....God please save Tamil cinema...

Yarukku Yaro.

Probably the worst tamil movie.

The hero is Sam Anderson, the movie titles shows that he's the next superstar.....God please save kollywood

just checkout the videos. Please write you comments after laughing....

Song sequence:

romance scene:

Another song:

Human errors and piracy were the reasons for The Devil's Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle, or the Devil's Triangle, is a region situated in the northwestern Atlantic ocean. A number of Aircrafts and Vessels are reported to have disappeared in that region. The reasons for their disappearance is still debated on. The circumstances of such disappearances fall beyond human errors and natural disasters.

The disappearance of some of the surface vessels is attributed to piracy. As the Pirates are more common in the Seas of the Carribean, ships would have been robbed and destroyed without a trace.Piracy grew vigorously in the carribean due to the presence of british seaports in Jamaica and at Tortuga. Those days drug smugglers also stole some pleasure boats for smuggling operations. The loss of some aircrafts can be cited to human errors as the aircrafts are not much sophisticated those days.

Moreover during the world wars the submarines would have sinked all the enemy ships in the region. The loss of USS Cyclops in 1918 and Proteus and Nereus sinked in the region due to the act of German submarines. Sinking of enemy ships in the Atlantic is a common practice of Nazis in the period of war. The Hurricanes are also prevalent in the region, the most deadly hurricane Gilbert is said to have caused more ship wrecks in the region.

Black Death or Black Plague...Deadly Pandemic

The Black Death also known as Black Plague was the most deadly pandemic that shook the whole World in the 14th century. The causative agent for the plague is uncertain but experiments says it would be caused by a bacterium named Yersinia pestis. It began in Central Asia and spreaded along the silk route to Europe by the late 14th Century. The estimated deaths across the then known world is about 75 million people including 50 million deaths in Europe. 30% to 60% of the Europe Population died during the Black Death.

The impact of the Black Death had a severe effect on the Europe's population changing its social structure. The Black Death also resulted in the widespread killing of minorities such as Jews and foreigners. It also influenced the peple to live for the moment which also changed the culture of Europe.

The Black Death also resulted in the change of European architecture. The most important effect of the disease is depopulation which vary greatly by area. According to medieval historian Philip Daileader in 2007..

"The trend of recent research is pointing to a figure more like 45% to 50% of the European population dying during a four-year period. There is a fair amount of geographic variation. In Mediterranean Europe and Italy, the South of France and Spain, where plague ran for about four years consecutively, it was probably closer to 80% to 75% of the population. In Germany and England . . . it was probably closer to 20%."

The same disease returned to Europe in 1700s causing the death of several thousands.

Wednesday, February 6, 2008

General killed in Pakistani helicopter crash

The Helicopter crash near restive Waziristan resulted in the death of a senior pakistani army officer and eight others. The Army Helicopter which was carrying the General crashed due to some techinical default, which is not yet revealed.

Some rumours spread off that the helicopter crash ids due to a mortar fired by the Taliban Extremists. The Helicopte was on a routine reconnaissance mission. The military personnel said that all the persons on board was killed.

Now the General is the most senior Army Officer to be killed in MIlitary operations in that area.The Waziristan area is said to be a safe haven for Taliban and al-Queda Extremists fighting in Afghanistan

Sachin crosses 16000 runs...creates new record

A banner at Sydney Cricket Ground read "commit all your crimes while sachin is batting. They will go unnoticed, because, God is watching him bat......".

In 2002, Wisden rated him as the second greatest Test batsman after Sir Donald Bradman, and the second greatest One-day international batsman behind Sir Vivian Richards. Then Sir Vivian Richards himself revised the ratings where Sachin was placed at no 1 and Vivian at 2.

The hero now crossed 16000 mark. If he plays until 40 he'll surely cross 20000 runs. Every run he scores in every match is a record. He's now the only batsman to score 20000 runs in international cricket. I'm sure that he'll cross 100 century mark in international cricket one day and that day is not ar away considering his current form.

Taliban paid terrorists to recruit Indians

The two Terrorists Mohammed Ghouse and Assadullah Abu Bakar who were arrested by the Karnataka police, have revealed that they had connection with Mullah Mohammed Omar, ousted Taliban leader. They also revealed that the training camp in Karnataka trained some youths to fight for Taliban in Afghanistan.

Mullah Omar was willing to give a million rupees for every youth they would bring for training. The two captured terrorists are likely to be subjected to narco-analysis tests in Bangalore.

Now the Karnataka Police have launched a massive search operations for a considerable amounts of RDX in the jungles of Karnataka especially in Kalghatgi forests. The RDX consignment was smuggled into the state to trigger a chain of explosions in the state.

Furthermore, two more terror camps are uncovered now in the forests of Uttar Kannada and Dharwad districts in Karnataka.

Tuesday, February 5, 2008

CIA admits Waterboarding

The Central intelligence Agency has now declared that it used the controversial method of "waterboarding" on suspected Terrorists. They also said that the method were used only on three people and not at all for the past six or five years.

The CIA director also admitted that the organization used those methods on high-profile al-Queda terrorists which includes Khalid sheikh Mohammed. Waterboarding is a method of torture where the person is immobilized on his back with head inclined downward and the water is poured over the face and breathing passages.

Previously some of the critics seriously condemned the CIA for using such methods. They also accused the CIA for violating human rights. Critics also debated the ban on waterboarding by CIA

The CIA Director Michael Hayden said that they also used this method on other two al-Queda detainees Abu Zubaydah and Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri.

Three-parent embryo formed in lab by a Newcastle university Team

Embryo with three seperate parents is formed by a Newcastle University team. The also believe that this could help to eradicate some forms of epilepsy which is an heriditary disease. The embryo is created using DNA strains from a man and two women.

This technique could prevent the genetic defects passing from mother to the child. It'll also help women with diseases of mitochondria. According to facts about one in 6500 people is affected with such diseases. The symptoms include fatal liver failure, stroke-like episodes, blindness, muscular dystrophy, diabetes and deafness. As of now, there are no treatments for mitochonrial diseases.


Studies conducted on mice shows that the offspring with the new mitochondria carries no information from its parents. This method have genetic elements from three seperate people. The team now have only the permission to do lab experiments and cannot do treatment to anyone

Monday, February 4, 2008

Terrorists camp in Karnataka....shocking!!

It has now emerged that terrorists training in a new terror camp in the jungles of Karnataka were training with sophisticated Israeli Uzi-sub-machine guns and with PETN - also known as Pentrite, one of the most powerful explosives in the world. These are the reasons behind the several terror attacks in south india.

The Uzis which the terrorists use i one of the best known firearms in the world,they are imported from Israel and also the explosives are very much sopisticated

Terrorists have been arrested including the Lashkar e-Taiba commander in South India and it has now emerged that there were as many 50 terrorists who were part of this ring. This network was set up in the last three months.

Investigators have unearthed a thick forest area bordering Dharwad and Uttara Kannada districts of Karnataka, which was used to train terrorists in the use of firearms. The training session includes drills for fighting guerilla warfare. When police teams raided the camp, Pakistani flags were spotted flying in the area which is surrounded by religious shrines.

The discovery was made during interrogation of three Islamist radicals, Riyazuddin Nasir alias Mohammed Ghouse, Asadullah Abu Bakar and Mohammed Asif, arrested last week by anti-terror cells of the police in Hubli and Devanagere.

The outcome of such deeply embedded terror networks can already be seen in the spate of terror attacks that southern India has witnessed in recent months.

Sir Sachin Tendulkar!!!!

Cricketing greats from the Commonwealth nations such as Sachin Tendulkar should be considered for traditional British honours like the knighthood, Prime Minister Gordon Brown has said.

Considering his records, He should have been given the honor a long before.

Sachin will be the second Indian to receive this honor, Vizzy(Sir Vijayananda Gajapathi Raju) was the first cricketer to have been knighted on June 15, 1936. No other Asian figures in the list of 25 cricketers who have been honored with this distinction

Sachin Tendulkar, if chosen for the knighthood for his services to the game of cricket, can earliest be conferred with this honor on three days before he celebrates his 36th birthday on April 24 this year.

England's long cricketing feud with Australia clearly fuelled Brown's enthusiasm for India's historic win. Cricket has long been one of the great binders of Indo-British ties. And until some time ago Commonwealth cricketers were honored by the UK.

Sunday, February 3, 2008

Defunct Spy Satellite Falling From Orbit

On of the United States' Satellites has lost propulsion and power which results in its inability to remain in the orbit. The Satellite was used by the country to spy on the enemy movements in some disputed areas. The Satellite which may contain some hazardous material could strike Earth early March. Right now the area of impact is unknown.

Till now, no one has ever injured by a falling satellite. In 1979 a Skylab fell to Earth in Indian ocean causing harm to nobody. In 2000 engineers in NASA used onboard missiles to destroy and deflect an observatory' direction during its descent, making it to strike a remote part of the Pacific Ocean. Most recently. in 2002, a satellite fell into persian Gulf, even though it was expected to land thousand miles away.

According to sources the Satellite might hit a populous region on the Earth. Various options and procedures are still being discussed to prevent such scenario


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